10 Tips for Better Hammock Camping
In order to enjoy all hammock camping experiences it is necessary meet three goals. These three goals are stay dry, stay warm, and stay comfortable. The tips below will help make camping easier for tree dwellers. A few options from American gear manufacturers that are happy to outfit hammockers.
1. Bring the Basics
Don’t forget the essentials. These include: a hammock, hammock suspension, tarp with stakes, bug net (if not integrated in hammock), and top and bottom insulation. After all…. forgetting a hammock would mean sleeping on the ground and who wants to do that? You can take the guesswork out of it with this complete system.
2. Leave Homemade Gear at Home for Now
Leave the shower curtain in the bathroom. While making gear is an option for veterans of the tree hanging game it definitely doesn’t make hammock camping easer. Waking up with a shower curtain tarp collapsed on your face instead of spending a little cash on a well-built tarp can add difficulty and frustration to the camping experience.
3. Bring the Tarp Stakes
Chasing a whipping tarp corner in the middle of the night in the wind, with rain pelting your face is an experience to avoid. Some suggest using sticks or rocks and don’t carry stakes at all, but hunting items in the dark after a fall day of hiking is not easy. For aggressive wind, put stakes all the way into the ground and place rocks on top. Even 5.5lb-base-weight-hiker Lint carries stakes (4:20).
Invest in a good set of tarp stakes.
4. Tarp Selection
Leave the Asym tarp (napkin) at home. The majority of water is kept divorced from precious down by a trap with adequate coverage. Hex or winter tarps provide the most coverage and are easier to center over hammocks during setup. This margin in setup avoids multiple adjustments. Also consider bringing a section of material to place under the tarp to keep gear clean and dry. One thru-hiker favorite budget option is a sheet of Tyvek.
5. Water Break / Drip Line
A water break—or drip line—is a piece of line added to all lines running under the hammock tarp to provide a path for water to the ground. They are not included on some hammocks, and instructions lack detail on the need for them. Sometimes suspension hardware, like a Dutch Biner, provides some water break, but always add a drip line for the cheap insurance it provides. Videos that further investigate the how and why of drip lines are linked below. This <$1 item protects sleeping gear from getting wet. A cotton shoelace works great, but other options are below. I wrapped a small piece of line around the suspension line and tied a taut line hitch. This seemed to stay tight on the line better than other methods.
Always make sure drip lines are tight before going to bed.
6. Hammock Ridgeline & Organizer
Setting the sag on a hammock can be challenging and lead to an uncomfortable nights sleep. A hammock ridgeline is an easy way to provide more consistency in sag when setting up a hammock. Ridgelines can be installed on most hammocks in less than 15 minutes. Cottage manufactures usually include ridgelines, but some major hammock brands do not.
Ridgeline organizers are pockets that hang from a ridgeline where items like a headlamp, phone, or snacks (not in bear country) can be stored for easy in-hammock access. A few options for ridgelines found here, plus organizers from Hammock Gear and Dutchwear.
7. Hammock Setup Location
All the things you heard about how hammocks can be set up in the worst places are absolutely true… but should be avoided if possible. Ground sleepers may get grumpy when they see a hammocker over a prime spot, but its first come first serve in the woods. Flat spots help with any late night bathroom breaks. Sleepily exiting a hammock on a decline and falling into your tarp does not make hammock camping more fun.
Don’t hang over somewhere you don’t want to fall on. While rare, material failures happen. If possible, try to find an area with some natural cover to keep wind and rain off your setup.
Do not set up on or near dead trees with suspect looking limbs. No one wants to be a human shish kebab.
8. Tarp Setup for Windy Nights
One way to guarantee a cold night is by setting up tarp ends parallel to the wind (above). The issue was compounded by pulling the side tie outs to give the wind more area to blow through. This issue is very easy to spot because the wind will blow up the tarp like a bouncy castle. The usual triangle shape of your tarp can approach half-circle status if the wind picks up enough. If it’s windy, grab some leaves and drop them to get an idea of which way the wind is blowing. Then set the long side of the tarp into the wind with the sides fairly low to keep wind out.
9. Hammock Angle
An often overlooked aspect of hanging a hammock is the angle of the hammock suspension to the ground. In the hammock community, the magic angle is 30 degrees. This may bring back geometry nightmares but Derek Hanson figured that this angle can be approximated with ones hand (mine was 28 degrees). Derek wrote one of the best hammock reference manuals on the market, The Ultimate Hang, which is the place to start with all hammock questions.
Checking the Angle (pictured above)
- Find left tree
- Make a “gun” with your left hand
- Point the gun at the hammock and move your hand near your hammock suspension.
- With gun parallel to the ground the hammock suspension should touch the thumb and the top corner of the pointer finger
- If this isn’t the case, make suspension adjustments as needed
- Repeat for right tree
A common issue with hammockers is the lack of adequate insulation under them, which leads to a cold night and the promise to never hammock again. Ground-sleeper top insulation (sleeping bag) can be recycled. However, when getting into a hammock in a sleeping bag, the bottom compresses rendering it useless in keeping the underside warm from the cold air. A flat sleeping bag in conjunction with any wind under your tarp leads to both conductive and convective heat loss. The result of all these losses is cold butt syndrome (CBS) and an chilly nights sleep. The simplest (not comfy) way to avoid this is by using a sleeping pad in the hammock.
A better bottom insulation choice is an underquilt (down bag strung under hammock). Underquilts are more expensive and can weigh more than foam pads, but are worth every penny in the comfort they provide.
Now put the tent back in the closet and go find some trees!
Comment below with more tips to add or questions!
Featured graphic courtesy Katie Bumatay
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