Crime on the Appalachian Trail

“Wow, you’re hiking the Appalachian Trail? Aren’t you afraid you’re going to get murdered?”

I get this question a lot, and the answer, quite frankly is an overwhelming NO!

Image result for the appalachian trail safety

What Hazards?

I know what most people envision, as far as safety, when I say “thru-hiking”. They imagine murder, foul play and kidnapping. In all honesty, there have been instances of murder and foul play on the trail.

There are also many other hazards and dangers of thru-hiking: rattlesnakes, dehydration, hypothermia, fractures, strains, to name a few.

My family and friends aren’t so concerned with the natural hazards that I will be encountering as they are worried about the human kind. The deranged actions of a few bad seeds.

Image result for hiking safety

How Safe Am I Really Going To Be?

I’ve spent the last 5 months unsuccessfully trying to convince my family and friends that instance of crimes on the AT are low. It doesn’t seem to be enough to tell my family that I’ve done my research and the crime rates are low. So now it’s time I share the cold, hard, stats.


Murder Stats.

Image result for trail murder

So after researching my heart out about murder on the AT, and scaring myself, I found some real numbers. There really is no NEW information on crime statistics, because there hasn’t been a murder on the trail in a long time.

According to my research (references included at end of post) there have been 11 people murdered on the AT since 1974. The most recent being in 2011, when Scott Lilly was found dead with evidence leading to foul play. A couple other notable murders are:

2008-Two fisherman were shot on the Appalachian Trail by Randall Lee Smith. Luckily the pair survived, but Smith was charged for attempted murder and murder of two hikers back in 1981 (

1996- Julie Williams and Lollie Winans were found both with their throats cut  in the Shenandoah National Park in the Virginia. Murderer, Darrell David Rice was indicted for the crime six years later, while serving time in prison for another attempted abduction (

Of those murdered, not all were thru hiking. A couple was murdered while engaging in intercourse on the trail, some were section hikers and others were fishing in the area.

I will never claim to be a mathmatician but according to my calculations 1/4th of a human has been murdered a year since 1974, or on average, every 4 years, one murder takes place. The number may seem high, but if you think about the instance of murder, even in your town, the AT is far safer than most other places!

Let’s look at the average rate of murder in the rest of the US. There are about 5.35 murders per 100,000 inhabitants, a total of 17,250 per year in 2016. That’s about 47.3 people per day.  I think it’s safe to say that we can move on.

“In other words, experience indicates a visitor to the A.T. has a one in 13 to 17 million chance of meeting a violent death. The risks are far higher for a fatal traffic accident en route to the Trail (”

Assault Stats.

Image result for murder cartoon

So now that we know the likelihood of us getting murdered is pretty slim, this doesn’t mean that there are not other crimes on the AT.

There is about one assault a year and one rape every three years, on average, according to conservancy figures (

Assaults are rare. It has been a few years since a sexual assault has even been reported, although we are certainly aware that this is a crime that is underreported. On exception is the Trail Days festival In Damascus (


Unsafe Experiences.

Image result for strange people in the woods

Another article that I scoured stated, that 50% of solo hikers did experience something that left them feeling unsafe.

of the solo hikers surveyed,  50% reported having an unsafe experience.  There was no difference between men and women in reporting an unsafe experience.

Hikers were asked whether they had an experience that made them feel unsafe.  They were then asked which type of experience made them feel most unsafe and were given six options to choose from:  hitchhiking, a strange person in town, a strange person on the trail, trail conditions, wildlife encounter, and other.

Of those who stated that they felt unsafe on the trail, on average only 40 percent of those were involving a strange person, or meeting a strange person.

Of these encounters, not all took place on the trail. It was a combination of trail, towns and hitchhiking (

This means, that with my math brain, 25% of thru-hikers reported meeting a strange person while on the trail.

Staying Safe.

I think it is safe to say that as far as human interactions, the rate of crime and danger and meeting a murderer are fairly low.

That doesn’t mean that there isn’t danger out there. As I’ve stated above mother nature is the one to fear when it comes to safety. I won’t dive into general trail safety, but I will share some articles on staying safe so you can go to sleep peacefully tonight…



All you have to do is stay vigilant, do your research and HAVE FUN!


Image result for thumbs up image




The Appalachian Trail: America’s Most Deadly Hike

The Gruesome Truth Behind Those Murders On America’s Famous Appalachian Hiking Trail

Men and women: ratios, partners, and safety

Affiliate Disclosure

This website contains affiliate links, which means The Trek may receive a percentage of any product or service you purchase using the links in the articles or advertisements. The buyer pays the same price as they would otherwise, and your purchase helps to support The Trek's ongoing goal to serve you quality backpacking advice and information. Thanks for your support!

To learn more, please visit the About This Site page.

Comments 4

  • Elizabeth : Oct 18th

    Congratulations on your thru hike! Your letter showed up in my news feed and I had to read it. Beautifully written. I imagine my old friend/exhusband would have definitely felt the same at the end of it.

    The irony of your post from January 25th he started his hike on January 21st.

    Keep hiking! kayaking in rivers in the middle of trees is pretty amazing too 🙂

    Best regards, ESS

  • Foster.Magical : Dec 26th

    Luck can never last a lifetime

  • Bill Jensen : Dec 26th

    There was a very unfortunate incident back in 1985 just outside of Duncannon, PA when two SOBOs were murdered. I found out about this just prior to my 2017 AT thru hike when I learned that my son’s girlfriend (now wife) was the yet unborn niece of the female victim. The Thelma Marks Shelter (site of the murders) was subsequently torn down and replaced with a new shelter close by named Cove Mountain. I took the side trip down to that shelter and it was surreal. I was the only one there and could feel the spirit of Geoff and Molly. There is a very good article in Outside Magazine that revisits this story and the people it impacted 25 years after the murder. One of the highlights of my hike was meeting Molly’s Dad in Duncannon – he drove out from Cleveland to meet we. And we are now family!

  • Scott Sadowski : Apr 19th

    Hi from Minnesota!
    Anything else I could say would sound trite. I’m sure you’re tired of fan worship but I have to say you’re adorable. Come to Minnesota and I’ll show you great ice cream!


What Do You Think?